Top 10 Easter Island Facts


Easter Island (Polynesian name: Rapa Nui, Spanish: Isla de Pascua) is a Polynesian island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean. The island is famous for its 887 extant monumental statues, called moai, created by the early Rapa Nui people. In 1995, UNESCO named Easter Island a World Heritage Site, with much of the island protected within Rapa Nui National Park.

Easter Island introduction, Information and facts




Did you know Facts about Easter Island for kids

The Polynesian people who settled on the island thousands of years before the arrival of European explorers called the island 'Te pito o te kainga a Hau Maka' (meaning 'the Navel of the World') The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's first recorded European visitor, the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen, who encountered it on Easter Sunday (5 April 1722), while searching for Davis or David's island. Roggeveen named it Paasch-Eyland (Dutch for "Easter Island"). The island's official Spanish name, Isla de Pascua, also means "Easter Island".
Easter Island introduction, Information and facts




OMG Facts about Easter Island for kids

Polynesian people settled on Easter Island in the first millennium CE, and created a thriving culture, as evidenced by the moai and other artifacts. However, human activity, the introduction of the Polynesian rat and overpopulation led to gradual deforestation and extinction of natural resources, which caused the demise of the Rapa Nui civilization. By the time of European arrival in 1722, the island's population had dropped to 2,000–3,000 from a high of approximately 15,000 just a century earlier. Diseases carried by European sailors and Peruvian slave raiding of the 1860s further reduced the Rapa Nui population, down to 111 in 1877.
Weird Easter Island Facts

Easter Island is one of the most remote inhabited islands in the world. The nearest inhabited land (50 residents) is Pitcairn Island 2,075 kilometres (1,289 mi) away, the nearest town with a population over 500 is Rikitea on island Mangareva 2,606 km (1,619 mi) away, and the nearest continental point lies in central Chile, 3,512 kilometres (2,182 mi) away.
Easter Island Airport

Mataveri International Airport (code: IPC) is located at Hanga Roa on Easter Island ( Rapa Nui) It is the most remote International airport in the world. Chilean National Airline, LAN Airlines, runs scheduled flights to and from Santiago, Chile covering 3,759 kilometres (2,336 miles) each way




Easter Island from air




true Easter Island Facts


Easter Island is a special territory of Chile that was annexed in 1888. Administratively, it belongs to the Valparaíso Region and more specifically, is the only commune of the Province Isla de Pascua. According to the 2012 census, it has about 5,800 residents, of which some 60% are descendants of the aboriginal Rapa Nui.
Random facts about Easter Island

According to oral traditions recorded by missionaries in the 1860s, the island originally had a strong class system, with an ariki, high chief, wielding great power over nine other clans and their respective chiefs. The high chief was the eldest descendent through first-born lines of the island's legendary founder, Hotu Matu'a. The most visible element in the culture was the production of massive statues called moai that some believe represented deified ancestors.
Easter Island Flag
Adopted on 9 May, 2006, the flag of Easter Island is a white flag charged with a red reimiro. The reimiro is a wooden ornament once worn on chest by the women of Rapa Nui (Easter Island)
Moai
Easter Island Map

Photo: Eric Gaba License: CC